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Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease and a leading cause of vision loss. Patients who visit our Huseman Eye Care practice receive specific screenings for this condition from our West Des Moines eye doctor. If they receive a positive diagnosis, our practice monitors them regularly during treatment.
The cause of glaucoma is elevated fluid pressure within the eye. This occurs when aqueous humor in the front of the eye does not circulate properly. Experts know that genetics play a role. Less-frequent causes include a chemical or a blunt eye injury, a severe infection, blocked eye blood vessels, and certain inflammatory disorders. Infrequently, unrelated eye surgery is a trigger.
Glaucoma is typically present in both eyes but might be worse in one than in the other. Preserving vision requires careful eye disease management.
Our eye doctor in West Des Moines notes that there are two primary types of this disorder. Open-angle glaucoma is the more common. The second is angle-closure glaucoma. The two kinds of glaucoma differ in the reason why an affected eye fails to drain properly.
This disorder mainly strikes adults older than 40. However, it can develop as early as infancy. African-Americans are at higher-than-average risk and typically suffer greater loss of vision and earlier onset than other patients do. Being of Irish, Japanese, Inuit, Scandinavian, Hispanic, or Russian descent is also a risk factor. Patients with poor vision or diabetes, who are taking steroids, or who have suffered eye trauma also have elevated risk.
Individuals who undergo glaucoma treatment in Des Moines often had no symptoms when diagnosed. The initial sign of glaucoma is frequently a loss of side vision that remains unnoticed until late progression. If eye pressure reaches a severe level, patients might experience sudden onset of eye pain, a headache, or blurred vision. Emergency symptoms include tunnel vision, pain in an eye, nausea, vomiting, hazy appearance of an eye, loss of vision, redness, or seeing halos surrounding lights.
Regular comprehensive eye examinations are crucial to glaucoma treatment in Des Moines. Our West Des Moines eye doctor usually treats this disease with medication, eye drops, and corrective eyewear. When low-vision assistance is necessary, our optometrist will recommend the appropriate resources, among them magnifiers, enlargers for computer text, and colored eyewear lenses.
Since there is no cure for glaucoma, treatment is lifelong. Reducing the chance of vision loss requires three-part eye disease management: early detection, prompt treatment, and scheduled monitoring.
Help protect yourself from vision loss by scheduling regular eye exams from our eye doctor in West Des Moines. Our Huseman Eye Care practice provides full optometric services to patients in West Des Moines and Des Moines, IA. To make an appointment, call our Merle Hay office at 515-278-1653 or our Valley West office at 515-224-9681 today.
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